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Keywords Sorting Your Results
Search Types Boolean Operators
Using Dates to Limit Your Search Proximity Operators
Finding Words in a Particular Area Wildcards
Sections  
 
Keywords:
In the Keyword search box, you can search for a name, word or phrase. By default, the Keywords field will accept a list of words separated by spaces as in this example: harrisburg, senators baseball. This query will show all stories that contain the words "harrisburg," "senators," "baseball." The spaces are assumed to be Boolean "ands" (see section on Boolean Operators), meaning that all terms are required to be in all stories retrieved. This is only a small part of the potential power of our search engine. Features such as Wildcard Characters and Proximity Operators are also available. This site gives you the ability to perform simple searches or to take full advantage of sophisticated search syntax (see Advanced Search).

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Search Types:
Boolean operators such as "and," "or," "not" and "near" can be used anywhere in any type of search. In the list of search types offered, the logic of the Boolean connectors is used, but in some cases you do not need to enter the actual connector(s).
 
All of the words: This type of search assumes that spaces between words are treated like the logical word "and," meaning that all of the terms entered are required to be in all of the items found. A search for "harrisburg senators baseball" would return all stories that contain all three of these words exactly as they are spelled. See the section on Wildcards for information on including alternate spellings.

Any of the words:
This type of search assumes that spaces between words are treated like the logical word "or," meaning that results contain just one of the words or possibly all of the words from your query. The search "harrisburg senators baseball" would return all stories containing the word "harrisburg" or the word "senators" or the word "baseball." Keep in mind that this type of search can produce large search results.

Exact Phrase:
This type of search assumes that the space between words requires that the words be adjacent to each other and in the exact order in which you enter them. Use this type of search if you are sure the exact phrase, such as "electronic banking," must occur in the stories you are looking for.

Advanced:
This option enables you to take advantage of full search syntax. Instead of having spaces automatically interpreted as logical connectors, you enter the precise operators you want. You may also combine different operators in one search statement. For further explanations,see the sections below on Boolean operators, proximity operators, field searching, and wildcard characters.

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Using Dates to Limit Your Search:
You can choose to search for articles that were published in a particular year, or you can choose to select a date range from one particular day to another. If you want to find all of the available articles published in a newspaper for a particular day, just enter that date without any keywords.
 
Range of dates:
Any arbitrary date range can be entered here. Enter the month, day and year of the earliest and latest dates wanted to limit your search. Articles from the date listed are included in the search.

Specific day:
If you want to find all of the available articles published in a newspaper for a particular day, just enter that date as the start and end date of your search without asking for any names, words or phrases.

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Finding Words in a Particular Area:
If you need to be exact about where the words you are searching for appear in the article, try using the Field Search section on the Advanced Search page. The field box will default to Anywhere in the story. Click the inverted V to get other choices. Here you can enter a word or phrase that you want to find and then choose from several areas where the words must appear. If you need to find an article about TMI, try looking for it in the Headline field. If you want to read Nick Horvath's column, search for his name in the Byline field. You may also choose to search in the headline or lead graph or in a particular section.

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Sections:

Here is a list of popular sections used by The Patriot-News:

A Section Life etc.
Arts + Leisure Local + State
Business Obituaries
Editorial Op-Ed
Faith Real Estate
Food reelLife
Go! Review & Opinion
Home & Garden Special Section
Letters Sports

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Sorting Your Results:
You may choose to sort the articles you find by listing the most recently published articles (newest) first. You may also choose to have the articles that best match your keywords, or most relevant, first.

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Boolean Operators:
Boolean operators permit you to create more complex queries and can be combined with wildcards and proximity operators. To formulate a more complex query that combines Boolean operators, select Advanced as your search type on the search form. The three Boolean operators are "AND," "OR," and "NOT," and you can select whichever you want to use under each Keyword search box. If you use "AND," all terms must be present in the story, such as "hershey" and "bears" and "hockey." If you use "OR," either term must be present, such as "government" or "legislature." When you use "NOT," the words following this operator cannot be present in the story, such as "bill and gates" not "microsoft."

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Proximity Operators:
Proximity operators allow you to specify just how close two words must occur in a story to be included in your results.
 


near
means that words must occur within 4 words of each other. For example, "hershey near bears"

nearX is another proximity operator that allows you to be precise about the number of words between search terms. In the next example, you are asking for "hershey" to be within three words of "bears." "hershey near3 bears"

adjX means one word must occur so many words before a second word. For example, "hershey adj3 bears" This means that "hershey" must come first and be within three words of bears.


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Wildcards:
This fills in any number of ending characters. For example, "pollut!" retrieves "pollute, pollution, polluting."
 
*
Fills in a maximum of any five characters. For example, "shia*e" returns "shiawassee"

?
Fills in any single character. For example, " wom?n" returns "woman" or "women"

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